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Could a cholesterol-lowering vaccine replace statins????

Daily statin use to lower cholesterol may soon be a thing of the past. A new study reveals how a vaccine successfully lowered "bad" cholesterol in mice and reduced atherosclerosis, which is a narrowing of the arteries caused by a buildup of plaque.

The vaccine is called AT04A and has already entered a human clinical trial, which is expected to deliver results by the end of this year.

If the vaccine is found to be safe and effective in humans, researchers say that it would offer a long-term therapeutic strategy for high cholesterol; rather than taking statins every day, patients could simply have an initial injection, followed by an annual booster.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the United States, around 73.5 million adults have high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.

LDL cholesterol is often referred to as "bad" cholesterol; high LDL levels can lead to atherosclerosis. This is the accumulation of fatty deposits, or plaque, in the arteries. Over time, plaque buildup can cause the arteries to narrow, restricting blood flow.